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Benefits of sport for children.

The pathologies derived from sedentary lifestyles and poor nutritional habits such as obesity are increasing. In childhood, obesity can cause diseases such as hypertension or diabetes type II which, in turn, are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. To avoid the child should do sports, it will help to achieve balanced development, for example, the trampoline (pay attention to buy the best trampoline).

 

Benefits of sport

  • Collaborates in maintaining ideal weight and prevent obesity.
  • Low blood pressure numbers.
  • Prevents elevations of glucose and reduced insulin requirements in diabetics.
  • Raises the level of good cholesterol (HDL) and lowers triglycerides.
  • Improves agility, power reflexes, it increases speed and enhances endurance.
  • Reduces the risk of osteoporosis.
  • By increasing white blood cells in circulation, defends the body against the development of cancer cells and infections caused by viruses, bacteria, and parasites.
  • Reduces anxiety and depression, and increases self-esteem.
  • You can encourage children and adolescents not start in smoking.
  • He teaches to accept the rules, assess fellowship, integrate and take responsibility.
  • Reduces the tendency to develop aggressive attitudes.
  • Stimulates academic achievement.
  • It helps body awareness and care.

What is the ideal exercise?

Fundamentally increase aerobic endurance, improve muscle strength and flexibility, and will not be a musculoskeletal overload to avoid developmental problems. Detail the activities according to age:

  • Up to 8 years: Games, exercises motor skills, coordination and balance exercises and sense of rhythm and space, march, jump, climb, dance.
  • From 8 to 12 years. Exercises that contribute to the overall growth and development, increasing daily activities and developing the main physical qualities (stamina, strength, and flexibility). This period is very good to learn the technique of different sports.
  • Between 12 and 14 years. Increase training technique every sports movement and start some sort of competition to maintain motivation throughout the game.
  • From 14 years. It should start the specialized training, increasing cargo volumes and training in general.

How long should it be?

Research conducted by Dr. John Reilly, a professor at the University of Glasgow and physician Yorkhill Hospital (UK), concluded that the most recommended are daily sessions of at least 60 minutes.

Tips and precautions

  • Before starting any sports medical examination is recommended to evaluate the condition of the child or adolescent.
  • If the child or adolescent is involved in a competitive sport, the medical examination should be annual and conducted by specialists in sports medicine.
  • Sports that require excessive use of physical force should be excluded.
  • Exercise should always start moderately, to intensify gradually.
  • They must be hydrated before, during and after sports.
  • Changes in attitude towards a routine physical activity (more fatigue, increased dyspnea or any abnormality) should be consulted with the doctor.
  • Long distance races are not recommended before maturity.
  • Obese must make a specific training plan before integrating them into competitive sports.
  • Teens should get high competitive sports not too demanding to meet their harmonious muscle development.

Contraindications of sport

Kidney, liver, lung, adrenal and heart failure; acute infectious diseases while they last; chronic infectious diseases; uncontrolled metabolic diseases; hypertension organic base; inflammations of the musculoskeletal system; diseases associated with muscle fatigue and asthenia or which disrupt the balance or dizziness occur.

Children and sports: Tips to keep them motivated

The benefits of physical activity are numerous, both adults and children. Although at first, the benefits that come to our mind are physical, such as avoiding obesity, develop healthy habits, etc., we often forget that sport helps build the personality of children. The commitment, discipline, leadership and a concept of healthy competitiveness are some of the important skills that children develop in a healthy sport.

Below, we share with you 10 tips to keep children motivated in sport:

1. Know your goals and objectives: Many times we make the mistake of imposing goals to our children and they end up playing a sport to meet their parents and not for fun. It is important to know what the objectives and goals that the child wants to settle and work to achieve them are.
2. It is enthusiastic: Smile! Listen to the child and interacts with it.
3. When does something well, compleméntalo: during training or competition (whether to participate in) watch it and, when he does well, compleméntalo for it and encourages such actions.
4. Let them make decisions: Include them in decision making makes them take responsibility for their actions.
5. Encourages the effort rather than victory: phrases like “salt to win” may send the wrong messages. Remind them to always give the best and that, whatever happens, you will always be proud.
6. Share your stories: Tell us about your victories but also about your defeats and failures and how you managed to get over and move on.
7. Build the character: You’re a role model. Teach him manners and competitive attitudes that can help in both sport and in everyday life.
8. Use mistakes as a learning tool: it is important that they know that both in life and in sport, there will be difficult times but they will be temporary. Teach them tools to cope.
9. Be a role model: If you have experience in the sport, you transmíteles your technical knowledge of the sport.
10. First of all, fun: Keep this in mind. The important thing is to have fun doing the activity.

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